European Policy and Practice towards Ethnic Minorities: Implications for the
Czech Public and Social Policy
Department of Public and Social Policy, ISS, Faculty of Social Science, Charles University
PhDr. Laura Laubeová & guest speakers,
Wednesday 17:00 – 18:20, Jinonice 2019
Wednesday 15:30 - 16:30 J 3007
principles of equality, non-discrimination, observance of human rights and
protection of ethnic minorities are fundamental European values. Ethnic
discrimination in its various forms and manifestations has been made illegal
through the recent EU anti-discrimination directives, recognising that it is
harmful to the social and educational development of individuals and to Europe
as a whole. It can lead to
marginalised and socially excluded groups, unemployment and poverty in
ghettoised districts and negatively influence already disadvantaged regions. One
of the traditionally most severely marginalized and excluded groups have been
the Roma, Gypsies, and Travellers. The course aims to explain reasons behind
prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination against these ethnic groups and to
introduce students to public and social policy measures dealing with these
negative phenomena at the European level as well as in the Czech Republic.
of course and classes
course will be composed of 12 lectures followed by discussions-cum-seminars. For
each discussion students should prepare a single sheet of A4 presenting an
article from the reading list for that class in the format of ARGUMENT, QUESTION,
CONNECTIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS: AQCI - as explained below (PLEASE READ OVER!) THE
PRESENTERS MUST SUPPLY THE LECTURER AND EACH STUDENT WITH A COPY OF THEIR AQCI.
Due to a large number of students in the class students should notify the
lecturer by e-mail that they want to present and ask whether there is enough
time to be allocated for their presentation. All AQCIs must be sent to the
lecturer by e-mail.
reader contains all materials listed for class readings. All other materials may
be obtained from the instructor or are to be found in the library. A sufficient
number of copies of the readers will be placed in the University library study
room in Jinonice.
AQCI’s delivered during the course until week 10
and active participation in the course
oral presentation on one of the lecture topics or on the final essay
essay (up to 3,000 words, due the first day of week 11)
case a student will not meet any of the above requirements he/she will be
required to take a written test during the regular examination period. The test
will cover all compulsory readings and all lectured topics.
class the discussion will be based around the AQCIs presented. Those who do not
have to prepare an AQCI need not but may find it helpful nonetheless to do so in
order to structure their reading and thinking. (Only three AQCI’s will be
marked per person.) AQCI’s should be written on a single reading.
structure of an AQCI should be as follows (i.e. you should keep the numbered
QUESTION, CONNECTIONS, AND IMPLICATIONS:
QUOTATION. Quote a sentence (or excerpts from linked sentences) from the text
that you think is central to the author's (or authors') implicit or explicit
argument(s). Always cite the page.
ARGUMENT. In a few sentences, state the author's explicit or implicit argument.
Be sure to include both: what the author is arguing for, and what s/he is
QUESTION. Raise a question which you think is not fully, or satisfactorily,
answered by the text. The question should be a question of interpretation or of
inquiry, not simply a question of fact.
EXPERIENTIAL CONNECTION. Say, in a few lines only, how the argument confirms or
contradicts your own experience or common sense.
TEXTUAL CONNECTION. Connect the argument of this text to an argument or point
you find in another reading assignment covered in this course or one you have
picked up from earlier study at the University or elsewhere. Present a quote
from the other text (citing it properly), and explain how the present text's
argument contrasts with, contradicts, confirms, clarifies, or elaborates the
other text's argument or point.
IMPLICATIONS. Lay out what this argument (#2 above) implies for understanding or
improving society, relations between individuals, or groups (e.g., inter-ethnic,
nations, etc.) or any facet of social or cultural reality (a few sentences only).
should not exceed one typed page. They should be typed or word-processed,
proofread and printed with the same degree of care as other essays.
outline and compulsory readings:
1 (5th October 2004): Introduction to the course and terminology
2 (12 October 2004): Liberal theory of Minority Rights, Myth on Neutrality of
the State and Ethnocultural Justice - Mgr. Selma Muhic
Anthony (1989) Nationalism and National
Integration, London: Unwin Hyman Ltd, chapter 4: National integration, pp.
36-51 – classical text on integration!
Rogers, “Civic and ethnic nations in France and Germany”, text 28. in
Hutchinson, John, Smith Anthony, ed. (1996) Ethnicity, Oxford - New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 168-173
Will (2001)” Western Political Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe”,
in Kymlicka, Will, Opalski, Magda (eds.) Can
Liberal Pluralism be Exported? Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.13 –
literature – not included in the reader:
Kymlicka, Will (2001) Politcs in the Vernacular, Oxford University Press, Oxford
Phillip (2000) Philosophies of Exclusion, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh
Rainer, Rundell, John (Eds.) (1998) Blurred Boundaries: Migration, Ethnicity,
Citizenship, European Center Vienna and Ashgate, Ashgate
Charles, Gutmann, Amy (ed.) (1994) Multiculturalism, Princeton University Press,
3 (19 October): Terminology –
cont. : Ethnicity, race, culture, identity, racism
T. H.: “Ethnicity, Race, Class and Nation “, text 4, in Hutchinson, John,
Smith Anthony, eds. (1996) Ethnicity, Oxford- New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 28-31
den Berghe, Pierre: “Does race matter?”, text 9, in Hutchinson (above), pp.
Stephen, Hartmann, Douglas (1998) Ethnicity and Race. Making Identities in a Changing World, Pine
Forge Press/A Sage Publication Company, text on The definition of race, pp 21-
Anthony (1994) Global Apartheid,
Toronto: Oxford University Press (pp.1-45) on power, conflict, identity (good
description of race and ethnicity)
4 (26 October): Multiculturalism, identity and politics
Malik, Kenan (1996) The
Meaning of Race, London: Macmillan, “The meaning of Multicilturalism”,
pp.169-177, and “The West and its Others´”, pp.221-226
John (2001) “The concept of a multicultural society” in Guibernau,
Montserrat and Rex, John (eds): The
Ethnicity reader, Nationalism, Multiculturalism and Migration, Cambridge,
UK: Polity Press, pp. 205-220
Leo (2001) “Plural Societies” in Guibernau (above)
5 (2 November): State response to
minority groups requirements. Impact of Liberalism Communitarianism Debate
See readings for Week 2
Benhabib, Seyla (2002) The
Claims of Culture. Equality and Diversity in the Global Era. Princeton, USA-
Woodstock, UK: Princeton University Press, preface plus pp. 1-48
6 (9 November): Definitions and forms of discrimination; institutional racism
EU race equality
directive "Implementing the Principle
of Equal Treatment Between Persons Irrespective of Racial or Ethnic Origin"
Directive 2000/43/EC (adopted on 29 June 2000)
Bhikhu (2000) Rethinking Multiculturalism: Chapter 7: The Political Structure of
7 (16 November): Policies twds minorities in former Ex Yu - Selma Muhic
Tibor (2001)”…………….”, in Kymlicka,
Will, Opalski, Magda (eds.) Can Liberal
Pluralism be Exported?, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp………….
readings TBA later
8 (23 November) – Equal opportunity policy and positive action- Míťa Castle-Kaněrová
Barbara (1997) Equal Opportunities and
Social Policy: Issues of gender, race and disability, London: Longman,
Chapter two: What is Equal Opportunities? pp. 31-47
9: (30 Novenbert December) Legislative framework: international instruments
Patrick (2001)” An Unfinished Story of Minority Rights” in
Bíró, A.M. and Kovács, P (eds) Diversity in Action, Budapest. LGI/OSI, pp.47-73
convention for the protection of national minorities in in Bíró, A.M. and Kovács,
Diversity in Action, Budapest. LGI/OSI, pp.75-81
ERRC letter to Dr. Petra Buzková of 26 March 2003
legislation in UK/ Scotland – a handout
10 ( 7 December): Case Study :The Roma/ Gypsies/ Travellers
Judith (1997) “Some political consequences of theories of Gypsy ethnicity. The
place of the intellectual” in
James, Alisson et al. (eds) After Writing
Culture. Epistemology and Praxis in Contemporary Anthropology, London:
11 (14 December): Case Study :The
Roma – cont.
(2003) The Roma in Central and Eastern
Europe, UNDP. http://roma.undp.sk
Bank (2003) The Roma Page, www.worldbank.org/eca/roma
Ian (2000) “The Consequences of Anti-Gypsy Racism in Europe” in Other
Voices. The (e)Journal of Cultural Criticism, v. 2, n.1 (February 2000),
12 (21 December): Discussion-cum-
seminar, remaining oral presentation by students
13 (4 January 2005): Virtual class/ Electronic conference- quiz results and
evaluation of the course – no class at Jinonice- Laura Laubeova
of Ethnicity, Race, and Minority. Ethnocentrism, xenophobia, islamophobia,
racisms. Discrimination, power and inequality. Concepts of multiculturalism.
Sociological perspectives (functionalism, conflict theory, social construction of reality)
Various models of interethnic relations (segregation/separation, assimilation, accommodation, integration, inclusion) (Bauboeck, Parekh)
Individual and minority rights in liberal context, policy of redistribution and policy of recognition (Taylor, Walzer, Kymlicka)
Standards; including legislation and monitoring of the Human Rights protection
of ethnic minorities through:
Framework Convention on the Protection of National Minorities
Convention on Human Rights
International Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Race Equality and Employment Equality Directives
Republic compliance with these standards in legislation and public policy
and multiculturalism in late 90s and 2000s.
and Practice in selected EU member states and in the Czech Republic.
and conflicting values. Development of policies and practice promoting good
interethnic relations (from assimilation through pluralism to inclusion).
and forms of discrimination (direct, indirect, victimisation). Levels of
discrimination (personal, cultural, institutional, structural).
and concepts behind antidiscrimination practice. Human rights, democracy and the
question of representation.
opportunities policy, equity, and positive/equalising programmes
mechanisms and implementation of standards in selected EU countries (UK,
Netherlands, Ireland, France, Germany, Sweden)
theory and practice of multiculturalism in Czech environment
principle and minority rights protection
government programme of Romani integration, Act on the rights of members of
national minorities, and international commitments in the field of human and
Conception of Integration of ForeignersPublic
administration reform and policies for management of multiethnic communities on
Syllabus in Word is available here